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  #26  
Old 05-16-2006, 02:32 PM
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MrsBenji MrsBenji is offline
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WOOHOOOO!!! A B is gooood!!!!!!

YAAAAAH!!!!

Jenn
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  #27  
Old 10-25-2007, 10:31 AM
ameeker ameeker is offline
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Default Environmental Tobacco Smoke Brushed Up

Environmental Tobacco Smoke


For many years American citizens have been permitted to smoke in public places. This has resulted in smoking becoming accepted as part of "normal" behavior. However, the recent development of major issues concerning the many effects of smoking in public places has been in the forefront. Should smoking be banned in all public places? Should there be a worldwide ban on smoking in public places? To make an educated decision, one should understand what effects smoking and secondhand smoke have on people in general.
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), passive smoke also better known as secondhand smoke, can be blamed for more then 38,000 deaths annually in America alone. One of the major and most debated effects of secondhand smoking is the negative health effect associated with it. Cigarettes contain many harmful ingredients, which cause many negative health problems when they are released in the form of smoke. Secondhand smoke is the smoke that is released into the atmosphere when a person smokes a tobacco product. (Second Hand Smoke) Tobacco product smoke itself can be classified into two forms. Sidestream smoke is smoke that comes from the lighted end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. Mainstream smoke is the smoke that is exhaled by a smoker. (Second Hand Smoke: What is it?)
When a non-smoker is exposed to secondhand smoke it is called involuntary smoking or passive smoking. This results in the inhalation of exactly the same carcinogens an actual smoker inhales while smoking a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. Secondhand smoke is potentially more hazardous than direct smoke. It is estimated that if a person remains for two hours in a closed room where someone is smoking, then that person has inhaled the equivalent of four cigarettes. (Second Hand Smoke)
There are many different factors that affect what chemicals are present in secondhand smoke. This includes the type of tobacco, the chemicals added to the tobacco, how the product is smoked, and the paper in which the tobacco is wrapped. They have identified more then 4,000 different chemicals in mainstream secondhand smoke; however, there may actually be near double that amount, at more then 100,000. Of the 4,000 identified chemicals found in secondhand smoke, at least 60 of those are carcinogens (substances that cause cancer), such as formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is commonly used as a disinfectant for embalming. It preserves human remains and is also used in paints and explosives. Laboratory animals that have been exposed to high doses of inhaled formaldehyde over their lifetime have developed more cancer in the nose and throat then usual. Six other substances interfere with normal cell development, such as nicotine and carbon monoxide. (The Truth About Smoking)
“Approximately 26% of adults in the United States currently smoke cigarettes, and 50 to 67% of children fewer than five years of age live in homes with at least one adult smoker.”(Children and Second Hand Smoke) ETS (Environmental Tobacco Smoke) is dangerous to everyone, but even more to fetuses', infants', and children's undeveloped lungs and brain. Children who are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke are at least 50% more likely to develop lung damage and breathing problems, such as asthma. They also have a higher risk of developing emphysema as adults. The long-term health effects of exposing a fetus and newborn to smoke through the mother smoking during pregnancy is still unknown. There are some studies that suggest that smoking during pregnancy can cause birth defects such as cleft lip or palate. Infants who are exposed to a caregiver that smokes, or a mother that smoked while she was pregnant, are up to four times more likely to die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), which is a major cause of death in infant’s with the age ranging from one month to one year old. These effects can include having a small or underweight baby, and having a baby with abnormal lung function. (Children and Second Hand Smoke)
Exposure to ETS in children of all ages decreases lung efficiency and impairs lung function. Secondhand smoke can increase the severity of childhood asthma along with aggravating sinusitis, cystic fibrosis and chronic respiratory problems such as cough and postnasal drip. The increase of children’s colds and sore throats can be associated with exposure to ETS. Children of parents who smoke half a pack a day or more are at nearly double the risk of hospitalization for a respiratory illness.
Adults exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to develop eye irritation, nose irritation, throat irritation, nasal congestion, persistent cough, headaches, wheezing, and possible increased risk of lower respiratory tract infections, heart disease, and lung cancer. Secondhand smoke is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The first is direct smoking and the second is alcohol. (Smoking - Effects of Second-hand Smoke on Adults)
The Democratic government recognized the need for limitations be put on people and businesses when their behavior affects others' health and safety. There are drunk driving laws, health standards, pollution restrictions for industries, and safety standards in manufacturing. All these laws where developed from an understanding that freedom is not absolute. One should not legally be able to act in a manner that puts others in harm's way.
Proposals for and policies adopted to promote clean air do not deny the ability of smokers to smoke. But smoking in occupational work settings, schools, colleges/universities, and other public places denies the ability of employees, students, and other customers of those places to breathe air that is free of known carcinogens. It is true that cigarettes are legal products. But so too are alcohol and automobiles legal products, and few argue against banning them from being used together in a way that is known to harm others.
During the past few years there have been many bans put in place on smoking in public places. Laws differ from state to state. Most of the action is at the local level. In New York state, smoking is banned in most businesses, including restaurants, bars, bowling alleys, dance clubs and pool halls. Indian casinos are exempted.
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  #28  
Old 03-11-2009, 10:28 PM
missi1969 missi1969 is offline
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wow, this is a good forum. I didn't even know it was here. I am a social work student and I have alot of papers to write.I am definately going to be taking advantage of this forum. Thanks!!!!
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  #29  
Old 08-02-2011, 05:24 PM
prisonlady prisonlady is offline
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I hope you realize that if you are posting your papers here, your professors may find them and accuse you of plagiarism. Naturally, you would then be able to prove that you can log in here under the user name of the original poster, and your professor is not necessarily interested in whatever else that user is saying on the forum, or if s/he is, s/he is likely to be a decent person who wishes you well. However, if you don't want to take that kind of chance, especially if you posted anything confidential or you don't want your professors to know that you have anything to do with prison, please be aware of the risk.

Professors can also say that even if the paper was indeed yours, you got too much help or, if you were not supposed to get any help whatsoever for a particular assignment, that you didn't follow the instructions. And I'm sure none of you would lift a paper off the Internet but nowadays, even if you are merely stealing an idea or rewording some existing text without making it totally unrecognizable and pass it for yours without properly quoting the source, that, too, is considered plagiarism. I didn't even know that when I was a student back in the paper age. Now, some professors got picky (I'm lurking on some educators' forum and I can't believe what passes for plagiarism nowadays). They, too, can find your source on the Internet.
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  #30  
Old 08-14-2011, 02:27 PM
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MsAloha1018 MsAloha1018 is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by prisonlady View Post
I hope you realize that if you are posting your papers here, your professors may find them and accuse you of plagiarism. Naturally, you would then be able to prove that you can log in here under the user name of the original poster, and your professor is not necessarily interested in whatever else that user is saying on the forum, or if s/he is, s/he is likely to be a decent person who wishes you well. However, if you don't want to take that kind of chance, especially if you posted anything confidential or you don't want your professors to know that you have anything to do with prison, please be aware of the risk.

Professors can also say that even if the paper was indeed yours, you got too much help or, if you were not supposed to get any help whatsoever for a particular assignment, that you didn't follow the instructions. And I'm sure none of you would lift a paper off the Internet but nowadays, even if you are merely stealing an idea or rewording some existing text without making it totally unrecognizable and pass it for yours without properly quoting the source, that, too, is considered plagiarism. I didn't even know that when I was a student back in the paper age. Now, some professors got picky (I'm lurking on some educators' forum and I can't believe what passes for plagiarism nowadays). They, too, can find your source on the Internet.
Also, some schools have access to a website called turnitin.com. If the school has an account with them (or other sites like them), I can guarantee that they will run your paper through that website to double check it for plagiarism. The main thing to remember is if you are going to quote a source, you need to give appropriate credit to that source. Not only that, but you have to format it the way your instructor wants you to format it, whether it's APA---American Psychological Association, or MLA---Modern Language Association.

My suggestions? Just follow your instructor's guidelines for the assignment. Also, ask your instructor about how they want you to format quoting other sources, if you need to do so. When you get to college level writing, plagiarism carries STIFF penalties (no joke). Even after you have graduated, if it's found that the paper was plagiarised, there is a high risk that you could lose your degree. This could be problematic if it's an important paper such as a college thesis. Not only that, but there could be negative consequences to your career. So BE CAREFUL
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  #31  
Old 10-14-2012, 07:45 AM
Shydiamond1 Shydiamond1 is offline
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The paper is entitled "Media Influence" for my Life Span & Development class,
I double spaced, used APA format, page numbers, cover page, and reference page. I am using an older version of MS WORD. I'm not sure if anyone is around to proofread, no one has posted since 2011. I'd appreciate your proofreading. Thank you


PLEASE PM ME.
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